Sanctuaires & temples

Il y a littéralement des milliers de temples bouddhiques et de sanctuaires shintoïstes à Kyoto. Parmi la multitude, se distinguent les temples Enryaku-ji et To-ji, deux temples éminents du bouddhisme ésotérique tandis que les cinq grands temples du bouddhisme zen de Kyoto sont Nanzen-ji, Shokoku-ji, Tenryu-ji, et les Pavillons d’or et d’argent (Kinkakuji et Ginkakuji). Tout comme les temples bouddhiques, les sanctuaires shintoïstes sont des lieux de culte importants. Le shinto est une religion animiste dans laquelle on adore des millions de dieux que l’on peut trouver un peu partout, dans les arbres, les montagnes, etc. Les plus importants sanctuaires shintoïstes de Kyoto sont Kamigamo-jinja et Shimogamo-jinja, où sont vénérés les dieux de l’eau, et Yasaka-jinja, consacré au dieu de la richesse et de la santé.
Aussi, veuillez noter qu'il est interdit de fumer où que ce soit à l'intérieur des temples et des sanctuaires.

Patrimoine mondial

Les sites du patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO sont dits " représenter une œuvre d’art issue du génie créatif de l’homme " et avoir une " valeur universelle remarquable ". La variété, l’ancienneté et le grand nombre de sites du patrimoine mondial à Kyoto sont inégalés au Japon. Le château Nijo-jo et les 16 temples et sanctuaires énumérés ci-dessous ont été sélectionnés comme sites du patrimoine mondial par L’UNESCO en 1994. Depuis plus de 35 ans le Comité du patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO, Organisation des Nations unies pour l’éducation, la science et la culture, nomme, fait un catalogue et préserve les trésors de l’humanité, qu’ils soient naturels ou l’œuvre de l’homme.

Nord

The area of North Kyoto, also known as the old capital’s “Back Parlor,” is known for the mysterious aura that permeates its shrines and temples, and boasts one of the oldest shrines in all of Japan. Even though it is easily accessed from the main city, the mountains of North Kyoto are characteristically cool and refreshing all year round, making this area especially attractive to summertime visitors.

Est

The Higashiyama area is one of the most “Kyoto-like” areas in Kyoto and is steeped in history. It is the home to Kiyomizu-dera Temple, a World Heritage Site, as well as many famous landmarks and sights that attract visitors from across Japan and around the world.
This area begins at the colorful Heian-jingu Shrine and ends at the Metropolitan Museum. It includes sites such as Kiyomizu-dera Temple and its Otowa-no-Taki, the “Sound of Feathers Waterfall.”

Ouest

This area features the Golden Pavilion and Arashiyama, unquestionably the most popular sightseeing spots in Kyoto. It attracts both Japanese and tourists from overseas in droves.

central

This area focuses on the center of the city. It is ideal for those with limited time thanks to the efficient and convenient transportation system.

Sud

This area is located 20 to 30 minutes from the city center. It includes such prominent temples as Tofuku-ji Temple and Daigo-ji Temple and Fushimi Inari-Taisha Shrine (O-Inari-san).

autre

These areas comprise a selection of sites other than those listed above, including a number of "don’t miss" World Heritage sites in the areas of Ohara, Takao, Matsuo, Uji and Ohara-no.

Ohara is located in northern Kyoto City, and is also known as “Ohara Village”. Millions of people visit Nanzen-ji and Jakko-in Temples in the Ohara area annually. Ohara receives much more snow than the Kyoto City proper and is breathtaking in any season. Takao is located about an hour west of Kyoto City. Kozan-ji Temple, a World Heritage Site, is a well-known stop for autumn tourists. Other temples in the area include Jingo-ji and Saimyo-ji Temples. Matsuo is a lush, green region located in western Kyoto near Arashiyama and Koke-dera Temple, a World Heritage Site. Uji lies south of Kyoto City, and is home to Byodo-in Temple, the temple on the back of the ten-yen coin. It is also home to some of Japan’s most famous green teas, including Uji tea. Oharano is located in lush southeastern Kyoto, and is famous for Kippo-ji, Shoji-ji, and Jurin-ji Temples.